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Agenda

 

Julius-Andrew NUNEZ presents

High-pressure and high-temperature synthesis of light perovskite hydrides for hydrogen storage

Tuesday 29th March 2022 at 1.30 Pm

Seminar Room of Building A – CNRS

The presentation will be given in English.


A video conference link is also available to attend the defense remotely:

https://smartvisio.neel.cnrs.fr/b/jul-m0w-7oi-kvf

 

 

Abstract:

Hydrogen has become an important vector of energy as the world continues to transition to renewable energy. The way how hydrogen is stored has strongly evolved from using gas tanks in the early 20th century to the use of hydrogen storage materials in the 21st century. Perovskite hydrides based on light metal elements have been one of the promising materials for hydrogen storage due to their high gravimetric hydrogen capacity. Among these, magnesium-based perovskite hydrides, such as NaMgH3, have been investigated extensively. However, poor hydrogen desorption kinetics and high operational temperature remain to be the challenge for its practical use.

 

The objective of this thesis was to study the possibility of modification of structural and functional properties induced by the use of high pressure on light hydrides crystallizing in the perovskite structure. In this study, the synthesis of several magnesium-based perovskite hydride like NaMgH3 and KMgH3, using high-pressure and high-temperature technique was performed. In-situ X-ray diffraction analysis revealed some information on the phase transformation occurring with the binary hydride precursors, as well as the synthesis mechanism at extreme conditions. Neutron powder diffraction studies at high-pressure performed at the Institut Laue-Langevin enabled the determination of mechanical properties (bulk modulus) of NaMgH3 and KMgH3.

 

Cation substitution at the A-site of the perovskite was also performed on NaMgH3 to decrease its hydrogen desorption temperature. A lithium-substituted NaMgH3 (Na1-xLixMgH3) was also synthesized at high-pressure. Differential Scanning Calorimetry revealed that the hydrogen desorption temperature of the Li-substituted NaMgH3 is lower compared to the pure NaMgH3, which confirmed a destabililization of the material via cation substitution. The reversibility of hydrogen desorption of the said materials is also confirmed by the calorimetric measurements.

 

During this thesis, we also tried to synthesize, without success, the compounds LiMgH3 and NaCaH3 although predicted as stable by studies based on theoretical calculations.

 

Overall, the investigation of these light magnesium-based perovskites paves the way to the engineering of hydrides with tailored hydrogen sorption properties.