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Séminaire Magnétisme Frustré

Jeudi 25 Septembre 14h00,
Salle Remy Lemaire, K223

Orateur : Ioannis Rousochatzakis (Max Planck Institute, Dresde)
"Multiscale Modeling of Cu2OSeO3 : helimagnetism, skyrmions, and beyond"

Abstract :

The Skyrme-particle, the skyrmion, was introduced over half a century ago and used to construct field theories for dense nuclear matter. But with skyrmions being mathematical objects — special types of topological solitons — they can emerge in much broader contexts. Recently skyrmions were observed in helimagnets, forming nanoscale spin-textures. Extending over length-scales much larger than the inter-atomic spacing, these skyrmions behave as large, classical objects, yet deep inside they are of quantum origin. Penetrating into their microscopic roots requires a multi-scale approach, spanning the full quantum to classical domain. By exploiting a natural separation of exchange energy scales, we achieve this for the first time in the skyrmionic Mott insulator Cu2OSeO3. Atomistic ab initio calculations reveal that its magnetic building blocks are strongly fluctuating Cu4 tetrahedra. These spawn a continuum theory with a skyrmionic texture that agrees well with reported experiments. It also brings to light a decay of skyrmions into half-skyrmions in a specific temperature and magnetic field range. The theoretical multiscale approach provides a clear explanation of several experimental findings and predicts further fingerprints of the quantum origin of magnetic skyrmions that can be observed in Cu2OSeO3. Time permitting, I will present recent high-field electron spin resonance experiments in the Teraherz range, which unambiguously establish the rigid tetrahedra picture.

References :
[1] Janson et al, Nature Communications (in press),
[2] Seki et al, Science 336, 198-201 (2012),
[3] Romhanyi et al,
[5] Ozerov et al,

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